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美 [ˈrʌfli]英 [ˈrʌfli]
  • adv.大致;大约;粗略地;差不多;粗暴地;粗鲁地;粗糙地;凹凸不平地

最高级: most roughly 比较级: more roughly

rough adj.不平滑的 + -ly ...地





approximately but not exactly

Sales are up by roughly 10%.


We live roughly halfway between here and the coast.


They all left at roughly the same time.


Roughly speaking , we receive about fifty letters a week on the subject.



using force or not being careful and gentle

He pushed her roughly out of the way.


‘What do you want?’ she demanded roughly.



in a way that does not leave a smooth surface

roughly plastered walls




  • 1
    ADJ-GRADED (表面)粗糙不平的,不光滑的
    If a surface is rough, it is uneven and not smooth.

    His hands were rough and calloused, from years of karate practice...


  • She rested her cheek against the roughness of his jacket.


  • 3
    ADJ-GRADED (人或行为)粗暴的,粗野的,粗鲁的
    You say that people or their actions are rough when they use too much force and not enough care or gentleness.

    Rugby's a rough game at the best of times...


  • A hand roughly pushed him aside.


  • He regretted his roughness.


  • 6
    ADJ-GRADED (地区、城市、学校等)危险的,充斥暴力的,犯罪率高的
    A rough area, city, school, or other place is unpleasant and dangerous because there is a lot of violence or crime there.

    It was quite a rough part of our town.


  • 7
    ADJ-GRADED (日子)艰难的,困难的,不愉快的
    If you say that someone has had a rough time, you mean that they have had some difficult or unpleasant experiences.

    All women have a rough time in our society...


  • 8
    ADJ-GRADED 身体不适的;不舒服的
    If you feel rough, you feel ill.

    The virus won't go away and the lad is still feeling a bit rough.


  • 9
    ADJ-GRADED (计算、猜测)大概的,粗略的,不精确的
    A rough calculation or guess is approximately correct, but not exact.

    We were only able to make a rough estimate of how much fuel would be required...


  • Gambling and tourism pay roughly half the entire state budget...


  • 11
    ADJ-GRADED (想法、描述)粗略的,简略的,大致的;(图画)简笔的
    If you give someone a rough idea, description, or drawing of something, you indicate only the most important features, without much detail.

    I've got a rough idea of what he looks like...


  • He knew roughly what was about to be said...


  • 13
    ADJ-GRADED 做工粗糙的;不精致的;简陋的
    You can say that something is rough when it is not neat and well made.

    ...a rough wooden table.


  • Roughly chop the tomatoes and add them to the casserole.


  • 15
    ADJ-GRADED (天气)恶劣的,狂风暴雨的;(海面)波浪滔天的
    If the sea or the weather at sea is rough, the weather is windy or stormy and there are very big waves.

    A fishing vessel and a cargo ship collided in rough seas.


  • 16
    ADV 风餐露宿地;无家可归地;流浪地
    When people sleep or live rough, they sleep out of doors, usually because they have no home.

    It makes me so sad when I see young people begging or sleeping rough on the streets.


  • 17
    VERB 过(从前没有过的)艰苦的生活
    If you have to rough it, you have to live without the possessions and comforts that you normally have.

    You won't be roughing it; each room comes equipped with a telephone and a 3-channel radio.


  • 18
    rough justice→ see:justice


(of quantities) imprecise but fairly close to correct
lasted approximately an hour
in just about a minute
he's about 30 years old
I've had about all I can stand
we meet about once a month
some forty people came
weighs around a hundred pounds
roughly $3,000
holds 3 gallons, more or less
20 or so people were at the party
Synonym: approximately about close to just about some more or less around or so
with rough motion as over a rough surface
ride rough
Synonym: rough
with roughness or violence (`rough' is an informal variant for `roughly')
he was pushed roughly aside
they treated him rough
Synonym: rough


  1. Roughly speaking , we receive about fifty letters a week on the subject .


  2. Focus the attention of roughly equivalent to control processing .


  3. Red blood cells are roughly the shape of a disk .


  4. They all left at roughly the same time .


  5. ' What do you want ? ' she demanded roughly .


  6. He pushed her roughly out of the way .


  7. Sales are up by roughly 10 % .


  8. Eight kilometres is roughly equivalent to five miles .


  9. We live roughly halfway between here and the coast .


  10. Profits have fallen by roughly 15 % .


  11. Loam is a soil with roughly equal proportions of clay , sand and silt .


  12. We had this understanding that courses were roughly the same weight .


  13. He was roughly the same age as myself .


  14. ' When roughly would this be ? Monday ? ' — ' Something like that . '


  15. Roughly half of them are British subjects .


  16. The number of warships stationed outside European waters roughly doubled .


  17. This trail was roughly parallel to the border .


  18. The oil washed ashore on roughly 1,000 miles of coastline


  19. Its outline roughly forms an equilateral triangle .


  20. All the planets orbit the Sun in roughly the same plane , round its equator .


  21. It has been snowing , roughly every third day , for as long as I 've had the flu .


  22. He tweaked Guy 's ear roughly


  23. Roughly crumble the cheese into a bowl .


  24. Roughly chop the vegetables , and keep back a little to chop finely and serve as a garnish .


  25. Roughly chop and parboil the potatoes .


  26. There were roughly 300 people there .


  27. The heart is located roughly in the center of the chest cavity .


  28. This apartment is roughly 300 square feet in size .


  29. He was beginning to get angry and thrust her roughly towards the door .


  30. The Antarctica is a continent centred roughly on the South Pole .



actually adv. 事实上

actual adj.实际存在的 + -ly ...地

angrily adv. 生气地

angr(y) 生气的 + -ly ...地

beautifully adv. 美丽地

beautiful adj.美的 + -ly ...地

carefully adv. 小心

careful adj.小心的 + -ly ...地

certainly adv. 当然

certain adj.有把握的 + -ly ...地

clearly adv. 清晰地

clear adj.清晰的 + -ly ...地

completely adv. 彻底地

complete adj.齐全的 + -ly ...地

correctly adv. 正确地

correct adj.正确的 + -ly ...地

directly adv. 直接地

direct adj.直达的 + -ly ...地

easily adv. 容易地

easy adj.容易的 + -ly ...地

especially adv. 尤其地

especial adj.特别的 + -ly ...地

exactly adv. 确切地

exact adj.确切的 + -ly ...地

finally adv. (用于列举)最后

final adj.最后的 + -ly ...地

gently adv. 轻轻地

gentle adj.温和的 + -ly ...地

happily adv. 快乐地

happ(y) 快乐的;高兴的 + -i- + -ly ...地

hardly adv. 几乎不

hard adj.坚实的 + -ly ...地

heavily adv. 沉重地

heavy adj.沉重 + -ly ...地

immediately adv. 立即

immediate adj.立即的 + -ly ...地

lonely adj. 孤独的

lone adj.孤独无伴的 + -ly ...地

loudly adv. 大声地

loud adj.喧闹的 + -ly ...地

luckily adv. 幸运的是

lucky adj.有好运的 + -ly ...地

mainly adv. 主要地

main adj.主要的 + -ly ...地

nearly adv. 几乎

near adv.近 + -ly ...地

politely adv. 有礼貌地

polite adj.有礼貌的 + -ly ...地

possibly adv. 可能地

possible adj.办得到的 + -ly ...地

probably adv. 可能

probab(le) 很可能的 + -ly ...地

properly adv. 正确地

proper adj.真正的 + -ly ...地

quickly adv. 迅速地

quick adj.快的 + -ly ...地

quietly adv. 安静地

quiet adj.安静的 + -ly ...地

rarely adv. 很少地

rare adj.稀有的 + -ly ...地

really adv. 真正地, 确实地

real adj.真实的 + -ly ...地

recently adv. 不久前

recent adj.最近的 + -ly ...地

sadly adv. 悲哀地

sad adj.悲伤的 + -ly ...地

seriously adv. 认真地

serious adj.严肃的 + -ly ...地

slowly adv. 慢速地

slow adj.低速的 + -ly ...地

softly adv. 轻轻地

soft adj.易弯曲的 + -ly ...地

suddenly adv. 突然

sudden 突然的 + -ly ...地

usually adv. 通常

usual 平常的 + -ly ...地

widely adv. 普遍地

wide adj.宽的 + -ly ...地

deeply adv. 深深地

deep adj.深的 + -ly ...地

deliberately adv. 故意

deliberate adj.有意的 + -ly ...地

eventually adv. 最后

eventual adj.最终的 + -ly ...地

firmly adv. 坚决地

firm 强 + -ly ...地

gradually adv. 逐步地

gradual adj.缓慢的 + -ly ...地

lately adv. 最近

late adj.晚的 + -ly ...地

mentally adv. 精神上

mental adj.精神的 + -ly ...地

merely adv. 仅仅

mere adj.只不过 + -ly ...地

multiply v.

multiple adj.多个的 + -ly ...地

partly adv. 一定程度上

part 部分,分开 + -ly ...地

personally adv. 个人

personal adj.个人的 + -ly ...地

publicly adv. 公开

public adj.公众的 + -ly ...地

sincerely adv. 真诚地

sincere adj.诚挚的 + -ly ...地

totally adv. 完全地

total adj.总的 + -ly ...地

truly adv. 真正地

tru(e) 真实的 + -ly ...地

willingly adv. 乐意地

willing adj.愿意的 + -ly ...地

absolutely adv. (强调真实无误)绝对地,完全地

absolute adj.完全的 + -ly ...地

accordingly adv. 照着

according adv.据…所述 + -ly ...地

approximately adv. 大概

approximate adj.近似的 + -ly ...地

awfully adv. 非常

awful adj.糟糕的 + -ly ...地

badly adv. 非常

bad adj.糟糕的 + -ly ...地

closely adv. 紧密地;接近地;仔细地;严密地;精密地

close adj.近的 + -ly ...地

commonly adv. 通常地

common adj.一般的 + -ly ...地

consequently adv. 因此

con- 共同, 一起 + sequ 跟随 + -ent ...的 + -ly ...地

conversely adv. 相反地

con- 共同, 一起 + vers 转 + -e + -ly ...地

definitely adv. 肯定

defin(e) 使明确 + -ite... 的 + -ly ...地

exceedingly adv. 非常

exceeding adj.非常的 + -ly ...地

exclusively adv. 唯一地

exclusive adj.排除其他一切的 + -ly ...地

extremely adv. 极其

extreme adj.极大的 + -ly ...地

fairly adv. 相当地

fair adj.公正的 + -ly ...地

fortunately adv. 幸运地

fortun(e) 运气 + -ate 具有...的 + -ly ...地

freely adv. 自由地

free adj.不受他人控制的 + -ly ...地

frequently adv. 频繁地

frequent adj.频繁的 + -ly ...地

generally adv. 通常地

general adj.全体的 + -ly ...地

greatly adv. 非常

great adj.超乎寻常的 + -ly ...地

highly adv.

high adj.高的 + -ly ...地

increasingly adv. 越来越多地

increas(e) 增加 + -ing 形容词后缀 + -ly ...地

instantly adv. 立刻

instant adj.立刻的 + -ly ...地

largely adv. 主要地

large adj.大的 + -ly ...地

lightly adv. 轻柔地

light n.光 + -ly ...地

mostly adv. 主要地

most det.&pro.最大的 + -ly ...地

namely adv.

name n.名字 + -ly ...地

naturally adv. 顺理成章地

natural adj.大自然的 + -ly ...地

necessarily adv. 必要地

necessar(y) 必要的 + -ly ...地

newly adv. 最近

new adj.新的 + -ly ...地

normally adv. 正常地

normal adj.正常的 + -ly ...地

obviously adv. 明显地

obvious 明显的 + -ly ...地

occasionally adv. 偶尔地

occasional adj.不经常的 + -ly ...地

orderly adj. 有秩序的

order n.次序 + -ly ...地

practically adv. 几乎

practical adj.实践的 + -ly ...地

presently adv. 目前

present adj.在场的 + -ly ...地

previously adv. 先前

previous adj.以前的 + -ly ...地

primarily adv. 主要地

primary adj.首要的 + -ly ...地

purely adv. 仅仅

pure adj.纯粹的 + -ly ...地

rapidly adv. 迅速地

rapid adj.快的 + -ly ...地

readily adv. 便利地

read(y) 预备好了的状态 + -ly ...地

regularly adv. 有规律地

regular adj.恒定的 + -ly ...地

relatively adv. 相当程度上

relative adj.相关的 + -ly ...地

repeatedly adv. 反复地

repeated vt.重复 + -ly ...地

respectively adv. 分别地

respective adj.各自的 + -ly ...地

scarcely adv. 勉强

scarce adj.缺乏的 + -ly ...地

secondly adv. 其次

second num.第二 + -ly ...地

separately adv. 分别地

separate adj.分离的 + -ly ...地

severely adv. 严重地

severe adj.非常的 + -ly ...地

sharply adv. 尖刻地

sharp adj.锋利的 + -ly ...地

shortly adv. 不多时

short adj.短的 + -ly ...地

similarly adv. 相似地

similar adj.相似的 + -ly ...地

simply adv. (强调简单)仅仅,只,不过

simple adj.简明的 + -ly ...地

slightly adv. 轻微地

slight adj.少量的 + -ly ...地

smoothly adv. 平稳地

smooth adj.光滑的 + -ly ...地

solely adv. 唯一地

sole n.脚底 + -ly ...地

steadily adv. 稳定地

steady adj.稳固的 + -ly ...地

strictly adv. 严格地

strict adj.严格的 + -ly ...地

strongly adv. 强烈地

strong adj.强劲的 + -ly ...地

successfully adv. 成功地

successful adj.成功的 + -ly ...地

surely adv. (对自己的话很有把握,希望他人同意)想必

sure adj.确信的 + -ly ...地

surprisingly adv. 惊人地

surprising adj.出人意料的 + -ly ...地

unlikely adj. 不大可能发生的

un- 否定 + like 像 + -ly ...地

virtually adv. 实际上

virtual 实质的 + -ly ...地

wholly adv. 完全地

whol(e) 整体 + -ly ...地

elderly adj. 老年人

elder adj.年龄较大的 + -ly ...地

barely adv. 仅仅

bare 缺少的 + -ly ...地

invariably adv. 一成不变

in- 不,无 + variabl(e) 可变的 + -ly ...地

incidentally adv. (引出新话题、附加信息、或临时想到的问题)顺便提一句

incident n.事件 + -al ...的 + -ly ...地

literally adv. 按字面

literal adj.按字面常用意义理解的 + -ly ...地

seemingly adv. 看似

seeming adj.表面上的 + -ly ...地

around about approximately roughly 【导航词义:大约】
around v. 大约

多用于非正式场合,常见于美国英语。也用作 around about。


She has around ten million US dollars in the bank.


Janet left here around seven o'clock.


about v. 大约

表示实际数量可多可少或数值、尺寸等可大可小,也作 round about。


They left the museum at about 10 o'clock.


He lives about 5 miles away.


approximately v. 大约



The plane will be taking off in approximately ten minutes.


He owes me approximately 400 US dollars.


roughly v. 粗略地,大致上



There were roughly 300 people there.


The Antarctica is a continent centred roughly on the South Pole.